2015 Klimat

In Search of Double Dividends from Climate Change Interventions Evidence from Forest Conservation and Household Energy Transitions

Gunnar Köhlin, Eskil Mattsson, Madelene Ostwald, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Ariana Salas, Erin Sills, Daniel Ternald

More and more aid is used for climate related interventions in developing countries. In the last 15 years, bilateral aid has increased from 3 to 20 billion USD annually. Globally, the ambition is to further five-fold this kind of support to at least 100 billion USD by 2020.

While climate aid is clearly on the rise, there are critical voices against using development aid for climate related purposes. At the same time, addressing poverty through climate related interventions, whether they be for adaptation or mitigation, is an attractive prospect, not least for policymakers. Essentially it is a way of killing two birds with a stone. But, what do we know about the effects?

In the seminar, Professor Subhrendu K. Pattanyak presented a new EBA-report on the effects of climate interventions with double dividends. The report includes a systematic review of impact evaluations in two fields (forest conservation and household energy).The authors put forward not only specific recommendations for better development impact, but also recommendations to improve evaluation practices. The presentation of the report was used as a point of departure for a broader discussion on donor approaches in the field of climate interventions including what knowledge is needed to ensure aid effectiveness.