In 2009, the Swedish Government launched the Climate Change Initiative (CCI), a four-year programme of investments in climate change adaptation and mitigation measures, targeting some of the poorest countries. The CCI amounted to SEK 4 billion of ODA.
Ten years later, this surge of climate finance, including the bilateral, regional and multilateral activities to which it was put to use, has been evaluated with a focus on long-term effects and sustainability. The evaluation is presented in a synthesis report and ten separate case study reports.
Lessons and recommendations
- Sweden should ensure alignment of the principles of effective development cooperation and the objetives of the Paris Agreement across all of its international aid.
- Sweden should develop a consistent framework for successful adaptation. This should include working with Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) as well as integrating conflict analysis and management in climate adaption.
- Sweden should focus on the building and maximizing of synergies between multilateral, regional and bilateral funds. More attention should be paid to multi-level governance to reduce constraints bwtween levels.
- A general conclusion is that the CCI helped Sweden to take a leading role, and promoting e.g. country ownership and gender equality, in key international organisations.
John Colvin, huvudutvärderare, chef för Emerald Network Ltd, Storbritannien
Mehjabeen Abidi Habib, Senior Associate, Emerald Network Ltd, Pakistan
Miriam Kugele, forskare, Emerald Network Ltd, Pakistan
Mutizwa Mukute, senior utvärderingskonsult, Emerald Network Ltd, Zimbabwe
Jane Burt, Senior Associate, Emerald Network Ltd, Storbritannien
Jessica Wilson, utvärderare, Emerald Network Ltd, Sydafrika