2015 Equality, Peace, Security and Conflict Other

Stronger than Justice: Armed Group Impunity for Sexual Violence

Angela Muvumba Sellström

Which conditions lead to armed group impunity for sexual violence? This is something that Angela Muvumba Sellström has studied in her doctoral dissertation “Stronger than Justice: Armed Group Impunity for Sexual Violence”. The dissertation focuses on African armed actors that have been exposed to settlement processes in the post-Cold War period. It is composed of two components. First, a cross-actor analysis that addresses one part of our impunity puzzle: the association between ‘pardons’ as exemplified by amnesties, and the levels of rape, sexual slavery and other abuses by signatories to peace accords. The second and main part of the study compared two rebel armed groups, CNDD-FDD (National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democracy) and FNL (Palipehutu-Forces for National Liberation) from Burundi.