The Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) represents a fundamental reform of the EU’s development policy, neighbourhood policy, and external action more broadly. The negotiations on this reform package were launched in June 2018 through a proposal from the European Commission for a new EU regulation establishing the new instrument. NDICI was politically agreed by the European Parliament and the Council in March 2021, following almost three years of negotiations.
This study was initiated to get an overview of what these adjustments have been and what can be learned from the implementation.
A study of the NDICI negotiations present a unique opportunity to gain insight into the influence of EU member states over the orientation and funding of European development cooperation, broadly conceived. Through the NDICI process, the EU member states and institutions revealed their interests regarding the long-term direction of European neighbourhood, development, and international cooperation, formed coalitions with likeminded parties, and bargained to achieve their preferred outcomes. As such, the NDICI negotiations can provide a rare glimpse into crucial issues of importance for the Swedish development policy in the European context.
Authors: Jonas Tallberg (Professor of Political Science at Stockholm University) and Magnus Lundgren (Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Gothenburg)
Reference group chair: Torgny Holmgren
Project manager at EBA: Númi Östlund