The number of international migrants is estimated to have expanded by approximately 90 million from 1990 to 2015; nearly a sixty percent increase over this interval. The number of internal migrants dwarfs this, though no reliable estimates on the totals exist. The 2016 New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants emphasizes the need for a global approach to addressing the orderly and safe movement of migrants and refugees. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development addresses the issues surrounding urbanization. Income inequality has increased, both within and between countries.
Indeed, given the gaps in income, the surprise is not that migration has expanded by so much, but why more people do not move. In this context, this report expounds on what is known about the two-way links between migration and economic development in the lower-income countries, in which development affects migration while migration simultaneously impacts development.
The study, undertaken in collaboration with the Migration Studies Delegation (Delmi), is a research review that focuses on compiling existing knowledge about the effects of migration on development from a variety of perspectives. Based on current research, the study also aims at answering the question of how Sweden’s development assistance can be designed in such a way that the role of migration in development processes is taken into account.
Author: Robert E. Lucas
Chair, reference group: Helena Lindholm
Project manager at EBA: Iris Luthman
Project manager at Delmi: André Asplund
Expected delivery of report: 2nd quarter 2019