Women in african natural resource booms
Anja Tolonen is an assistant professor at Department of Economics at Barnard College, Columbia University. She defended her dissertation “Mining Booms in Africa and Local Welfare Effects: Labor markets, Female Empowerment, and Criminality” in May 2015 at University of Gothenburg.
Promoting natural resource extraction as a strategy for economic development is controversial, although a common reality in many developing countries. The research summarized in this brief explores the local welfare effects of largescale mining in Sub-Saharan Afria. In particular, it explores changes in labor market participation for men and women, Changes in gender norms and infant mortality. With mine opening, women living within 20 km of a mine switch from self-employment in agriculture to working in services or they leave the work force. Men switch from agriculture to skilled manual labor. Effects are stronger in years of high wolrd prices. Mining creates local boom-bust exonomies in Africa, with permanent effects on women’s labor market participation.