Animal health in development – its role for poverty reduction and human welfare
In low income countries, around 70% of the rural poor and 10% of the urban poor are dependent on livestock. Increasing livestock production in rural areas is not enough to reduce poverty, productivity gains are needed. Animal diseases are of decisive importance for productivity. Thus, animal health is of central importance for development cooperation with a poverty focus.
In this study, Jonathan Rushton, Arvid Uggla and Ulf Magnusson points at the importance of animal health for poverty reduction and nutrition security. They recommend three areas for increased Swedish support for animal health:
- To develop tools for analysing how efficient health interventions are. Sweden has an outstanding position in surveillance, prevention and control of livestock diseases and antimicrobial resistance in animals.
- To promote more sustainable animal health systems. Sweden could be seen as a role model, since it combines a uniquely low use of antimicrobials in the livestock sector with high productivity and good animal Welfare.
- Building human capacity. Sweden has over the years developed an advanced educational and training capacity in animal health and production.